Here's a handy guide for the different texture options you can make with most fruits:
Jelly usually does not contain pieces of fruit, as it is made by cooking fruit juice, sugar, pectin, and lemon juice.
Jam is made from crushed or cut up fruit, sugar, and sometimes lemon juice or pectin. Jam doesn’t typically contain chunks of fruit and can be pureed when making it.
Preserves are made by cooking fruit and sugar together. Preserves tend to have bigger chunks of fruit.
Conserves are also sometimes called whole fruit jam. It’s made by stewing fruit and sugar. You can also add raisins or nuts.
Marmalade is like jelly, but it has flesh and peel of fruits in the jelly. It’s usually citrus based.
Chutney is a relish of Indian origin made with fruit and/or vegetables. Chutneys often consist of chopped fruit or vegetables, vinegar, spices, and sugar.
Fruit butter is fruit pure or pulp, sugar, lemon juice, and spices, cooked slowly to a smooth, butter-like consistency. Whole pieces of fruit (such as apples) are put through a sieve or blended.